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Wednesday, October 19, 2022

When Did the Civil War End?

No, this is not a trick question with an answer like "Never." I mean when did the war end as a legal matter? The answer for most of the ex-Confederacy was April 2nd, 1866. This is when President Johnson issued an Executive Proclamation declaring the end of the insurrection in every southern state except Tennessee (where the declaration was made in 1865) and Texas (which came later in 1866).

I'm not sure why the President took the view that the insurrection was still ongoing in 1866. One can understand why Lee's surrender was not the end, as there were skirmishes in May 1865. And the military trial of the Lincoln assassination conspirators was held into the summer of 1865. But after that?

Posted by Gerard Magliocca on October 19, 2022 at 02:50 PM | Permalink

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